The total area of Oman is about 3.9500 SQ. KM., the total population of Omanis are 2.5 million people the mother tongue is Arabic language however English is commonly used in everywhere in the city.

Oman is situated to the south east of the Arabian Peninsula, it’s a part of the GCC “Gulf countries community” and has borders with Yemen to the South West, UAE to the North West and the kingdom of Saudi Arabia to the west, the Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea which are the doors to Indian Ocean to the east. The main religion is Islam. While virtually all Omanis are Muslims, they are divided into three Islamic sects: Ibadi Islam (Oman's state religion), Sunni, and Shiite.

Majority of the Omanis belong to the Ibadi sect. as well as there is few number of small churches are available only for foreign residents. The administrative & business capital of Oman is MUSCAT it is located in the north and about 1000 KM driving away from Salalah  

Sultanate Political meaning  

The territory or a country ruled by a sultan, the office, rank, or jurisdiction of a sultan. A sultanate is a form of government with a sultan as a political and military leader; it is essentially equivalent to an Emirate (there is no real difference between these terms). The term sultan was first used as a title of authority by Mahmud Bin Ghazni in 1002.

He declared himself Sultan of Ghazna, yet still maintained his allegiance to the Abbasid caliph. The 9th century witness the fragmentation of the Abbasid caliphate and the rise of multiple sultanates and emirates, yet these Sultans/Emirs always proclaimed their allegiance to the caliph, since the caliphate continued to be viewed as a religious obligation.

Sultans only had power with regard to political and military matters - religious/legal authority was eventually acquired by Islamic scholars. So after the 9th century, the "caliphate" was viewed as an umbrella of multiple polities with sultans and scholars at the center of power. This changed once the Ottoman sultans defeated the Mamluks in 1517 and assumed the title of caliph - after this point, the title of sultan was "joined" with the title of caliph.

Oman Flag Color Code Meanings

According to world Atlas, The flag of Oman was officially adopted on April 25th 1995. Colors of the flag are symbolic, with green representing fertility; white represents peace, and this shade of red is common on many regional flags. The national emblem, a (Khanjar-Dagger), is displayed upper-left. The dagger and its sheath are superimposed on two crossed swords in scabbards.


While virtually all Omanis are Muslims, they are divided into three Islamic sects: Ibadi Islam (Oman's state religion), Sunni, and Shiite. Majority of the Omanis belong to the Ibadi sect. The Ibadis live primarily in the mountainous regions of Oman. The Sunnis live on the coast, together with the Ibadis. The few thousand Shiites mainly live in the cities of Muscat and Sohar. Despite differences between the sects, the Ibadi clerics maintain peace in Oman.Ibadism is a school of Islam dominant in Oman. It is also found in Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and East Africa. The movement is said to have been founded 20 years after the death of the Muslim prophet

People & Culture

"People of Oman are very friendly and accommodated people, the total population of Omanis are 2.8 million people, and Omanis are the nationals of Oman. 50% of people lives in Muscat whereas the rest are being spread all over the whole country.Balochis, the Baloch or Baluch are a people who live mainly in the Baluchistan region of the southeastern-most edge of the Iranian plateau in Pakistan, Iran, and Afghanistan, as well as in the Arabian Peninsula.Lurs, are an Iranian people living mainly west and southwest of Iran, they are around 5 million people, and they occupy Lore Stan, Kazakhstan, and Fars. The Lur people mostly speak the Lurish language (sometimes called ""Luri""), derived from Persian language. Lurs people are closely related to the Kurds but that they ""apparently began to be distinguished from the Kurds 1,000 years ago. Mehri

The Mehri are one of the largest tribes in the Al Mahrah Governorate of Yemen and in the island of Socotra and Dhofar Governorate of Oman. Mehri group members are also found in other countries in the Arabian Peninsula, mainly Oman, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates. Additionally, the Arab Salah clan of Al Mahrah tribe resides in the Somalia. ****Arab Swahili Omanis 

Omani presence in the Swahili Coast can be traced since the Nabhani dynasty. In the late seventeenth century, Zanzibar became part of the overseas holdings of Oman after Saif bin Sultan, the imam of Oman, defeated the Portuguese in Mombasa, in what is now Kenya. Large numbers of Omanis settled in the Swahili Coast — especially after 1832, when the Omani Sultan Said bin Sultan moved his court to Zanzibar. To the Omanis, the region became a land of economic opportunity. Omanis who migrated to the Swahili Coast looked forward to a better life. The Omani community in the Swahili Coast grew and became financially successful. Until the middle of 20th century Omanis stopped moving to Zanzibar after a revolution has occurred in Zanzibar in 1964. The Omani descendant, sultan of Zanzibar, Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah was overthrown, and thousands of Omanis were killed, among many other Arabs. Soon after the revolution, many Omanis fled Zanzibar to avoid persecution and returned to their ancestral homeland Oman, while others chose to remain in the Swahili Coast.

Omani Traditional Dress

For men, the national dress is an ankle-length, collarless gown with long sleeves, called a DISHDASHA. Usually, the clothing is white, although a few other colors such as brown, lilac, and black are sometimes worn. There are many accessories men can wear, for example the Muzzar (a type of turban), the ASSA (a cane or stick used mainly for formal occasions), and the khanjar. The khanjar is a ceremonial curved dagger worn during formal occasions, often described as "an important symbol of male elegance".


The cuisine of Oman is generally very simple, with the aid of many spices and marinades to complete a dish, which usually consists of chicken, fish, and lamb. Unlike that of many other Asian nations, Omani cuisine is not spicy, and varies regionally. Everyday meals generally have components such as rice, a wide variety of soups, salad, curry, and fresh vegetables. For dessert, many Omani people have a kind of sweet, known as Omani halwa. This is usually served before the consumption of kahwa, a preparation of coffee with cardamom, which is very popular and remains a symbol of hospitality. Other popular beverages include tea, laban (a kind of salty buttermilk), yoghurt drinks, and soft drinks. 


The local currency in Oman is OMR or Omani Rial, each Rial consists of 1000 Baisa. There is a paper note of 100 Baisa, 1/5 Rial, 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 Rial, rarely when you come across coins. However they do exist as well in 20 and 50 Baisa, with regard to the exchange rate each Rial equal roughly 2.5 USD or 2.08 Euro and 1.8 GBP